The Northern Cheyenne Tribe was authorized to undertake the responsibilities of the State Historic Preservation Office on tribal trust and ancestral lands in the year 2002. THPO was

entrusted to identify, preserve, and protect resources significant to the cultural life-ways of the Cheyenne people. The THPO office was also tasked with ensuring that tribal, state, and federal

agencies consult with the tribe in consideration of any potential effects their proposed  undertakings may have on tribal resources. Furthermore, the THPO operates as a regulatory

office to ensure that agencies consulting with the tribe are in compliance under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act (1966) and code of federal regulations under 36 CFR 800.

As stipulated in the Cultural Resource Protection Ordinance (83), the Cultural department shall provide for the efficient and effective identification, control, and management of the

Tribe's Archaeological and Historical resources. THPO has honored the ordinance by incorporating the Cheyenne language, natural resources, traditional ecological knowledge, and oral history into each review process. THPO also conducts cultural surveys utilizing both archaeological and cultural methodologies when completing cultural inventories, which has also improved the accuracy and efficiency when recording sites.

Furthermore, the office increased from two employees to six employees since early 2016. An increase in staff has allowed the program to expand and improve the consultation review process. A standard 30-day review period is often requested. The THPO office is now able to devote more time to research and access a greater number of resources for each review, many of which are our tribal elders and spiritual leaders.




 From a holistic perspective, each cultural factor is tied into the work the office does every day. The office incorporates traditional knowledge when factoring in how projects will be addressed.

The Northern Cheyenne Cultural Commission was established in 1995 to serve as an advisory committee for the Cheyenne tribe. The NCCC has work closely with the THPO program to recommend what type of action to take on important matters the office is working on.

Each member provides THPO with advice and guidance on how to proceed on projects, especially projects that have strict traditional protocols. The working relationship between the NCCC and THPO continues to flourish and the program is thankful for the commission members and their commitment in helping the tribe protect our cultural resources.

Finally, THPO has the responsibility of ensuring that each tribal, state, and federal agency is in compliance with Section 106 of the NHP A. The THPO and staff attend various consultation meetings throughout the year on tribal and ancestral lands. Companies with a federal nexus are required to consult with tribal nations to consider the impact their undertaking will have on tribal resources. Therefore, it is a goal of the office to incorporate the Cultural Resource Protection Ordinance into creating a sound and effective Cultural Resource Management Plan. A great deal of time and resources will be spent on creating a CRMP that will allow for the program to enhance its capacity to serve the people. An updated Cultural Resource Protection Ordinance and Section 106 consultation requirements are also two priority items of

the office.